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Locally known as “sala,” this variety is similar in taste but with less astringency and a juicy texture. The plants are valued for their edible fruit, mainly in Thailand, and are also harvested as a source of construction materials. Photo by Jeff Anderson. Fruits which are used for cooking can be harvested after 25 weeks. Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. The genus Salacca is known as “ salak ” in Bahasa, “ snake fruit ” in English, and “ sala ” in Thai. Salacca zalacca (Gaertn.) The superior quality fruit of the sala type could fetch in 1989 a farmgate price as high as US$ 5 per kg. In mixed smallholder orchards and home gardens, shading reduces weed problems and hand weeding is practised. Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric. There is no commercial processing of rakum so far. "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salacca&oldid=905396228, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 July 2019, at 21:10. Voss (family Arecaceae) is the snake fruit commonly known in Malay language as salak in Malaysia. Brix. The leaves have a spiny petiole; in most species they are pinnate with numerous leaflets, but some species, notably S. magnifica, have undivided leaves. The Salak (S. zalacca) or snake fruit is the species most widely grown for its fruit; the firm white pulp has a slight acidic taste. Fruit Tropical Background Sweet Food Salacca Thailand Palm Nature White Exotic Sala Asia Red Healthy Natural Fresh Delicious Tasty Nutrition Dessert Seed Zalacca Salak Color Brown Health Isolated Freshness Organic Asian Gourmet Closeup Texture Studio Bunch Whole Section Half Pulp Peeled Yellow Macro Ripe Detail Wallichiana Hairy Sharp Thorn Pricker Synonym: Salacca zalaca. Collect. Inflorescences emerge throughout the year but nearly all fruit is harvested between June and August in Thailand. XL Luk Rakam Snake Fruit Palm Tree (clustering salacca wallichiana) – (XL Specimen, 8” Pot) Salacca is a delicious, high yield, fruiting, short-stemmed palm native to Indonesia. Salacca wallichiana is asia fruit at fruit market Premium Photo 2 years ago. The objectives are to produce palms with the following characteristics: spineless, sparse suckering, thick fruit flesh, sweet and aromatic taste, and high yield. Rodents cause serious loss of fruit. Salacca affinis Griff.. ENGLISH : Edible-fruited salak palm , Palm heart (vegetable). This means that good growers could obtain US$ 100-130 per palm per year. Salak fruit, more technically known as snake or salacca zalacca is a fruit that grows in clusters at the base of the palm and they are called snake fruit because of its reddish-brown scaly skin. Spineless forms exist." Both wild (in the forest) and cultivated the palm is most abundantly found in the hot and humid areas of Thailand which lie between 10-13 deg. The sour unripe fruit can be a substitute for lime in cooking, whereas the ripe fruit is sweet and consumed raw. Among them are 'Sala Mor', 'Sala Sane', 'Sala Noenwong' and the spineless 'Sakum'. led to the isolation of monogalactosyl diacylglycerols ( 1 ), β-sitosteryl-3β-glucopyranoside-6 - O -fatty acid esters ( 2 ), β-sitosterol ( 3 ) and triacylglycerols ( 4 ) from It should be noted that harvesting the palm heart of clustering species is a non-destructive practice (sustainable), unlike harvesting those of solitary species or all the terminal buds of any palm, all of which kill the plant. ... hairy, with a short, trifid dark red stigma, staminodes 5-6, borne on the corolla throat. The fruit skin is covered with regularly arranged scales that encase the sarcotesta (flesh) and seeds (Figure 4). Snake fruit peel is normally discarded as waste. Some 2000 palms were moved to Phetchabun province, 300 km north of Bangkok. The taste of the luk rakam is also more watery.". In its natural habitat and in mixed orchards rakum is commonly found under shade. Palmpedia also stated that Salacca won't set viable fruit at temps below 22C. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). This is a tillering palm, it exhibits saxophone style root growth (it has a heel), keep top third of heel above soil elevation! Also called the snake fruit due to the beautiful pattern on the fruit, this is a tropical palm from Bali in Indonesia. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Imagetext: Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants by Dr. T. K. Lim. Genetic resources: A germplasm collection is being assembled at the Chanthaburi Horticulture Research Centre. http://www.flickr.com/photos/25530364@N07/3818110267/, http://www.flickr.com/photos/xerantheum/4355037713/, http://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Salacca_wallichiana&oldid=160382, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). is a tropical fruit produced in Indonesia. Laos. Leaflets are arranged in clumps along the petioles sticking out in all directions in each clump, giving a plumose appearance. Fruit is normally sub globose to ellipsoid drupe, 15–40 per spadix, measuring 5–7 cm by 5 cm, tapering towards base and rounded at the top. Irrigation in the dry season, together with application of manure and 3-4 kg per clump of a complete fertilizer with a low N-content improves yield and fruit quality considerably. Licuala spinosa (left) and Salacca wallichiana (right) form a tunnel over trail. early in the dry season. The post-harvest technology has not yet been developed. For the superior sala cultivars harvesting time is 36 weeks and not later than 38 weeks after pollination. Loose packing would be the best way to handle the fruit. The skin of the snakefruit has a unique texture not unlike that of a snake's skin, rough to the touch in one direction but smooth in the other. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Propagation methods: Fresh seed germinates readily and propagation from seed is easy, have a high germination rate (90%) and emerge in less than 10 days, but the rate decreases after storage. MALAY : Salak. In commercial orchards the palms can be grown successfully without shade, provided they are irrigated. There were estimated to be 6000-10 000 palms of the sala type in the country in 1989. Seeds 1-3, covered with a fleshy sarcotesta. This strange looking fruit is very tasty - sweet and acidic. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Fruit a drupe, occurring in dense heads, obovoid, 2.5 cm long, the skin (epicarp) consisting of orange-brown scales with reflexed brittle points; endocarp not differentiated. Salacca zalacca is cultivated for its excellent fruit, and fruits of other species are eaten although they are sometimes very sour. In rare instances weevils attack the growing point of the palm. Photo by Dr. T. Evans, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. The stones in 10-19-week-old fruits are white and contain a jelly-like substance. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. English name: Snakeskin fruit, snake fruit.. Other names: Sala, salak, yingan. 12. Seeds usually 3 per fruit, with 2-8 mm thick, fleshy, cream-coloured sarcotesta and a smooth, stony inner part, 23-29 mm x 15-27 mm, which is blackish-brown and trigonous with 2 flat surfaces and a curved one; endosperm homogeneous and white. There are 21 species and four varieties of Salacca (Rangsiruji et al., 2006).In Thailand, the salak is cultivated in the eastern and southern parts of the country and the main commercial species grown are S. wallichiana Mart and S. rumphii, known as Rakam and Sala, respectively, by Thais (Dangcham, 1999, Thangjatuporn, 2000) (). Leaves 3-7 m long, pinnate; spines flat, linear-triangular, almost perpendicular to the leaf-sheaths, some pointing downwards; leaflets 60-75 cm x 6-8 cm. Breeding: Breeding work began in 1985. The temperature range required is 22-32 deg. ... Salacca wallichiana is probably the hardiest species. Soil types: The palm thrives in soils ranging from sandy loam to heavy clay. Food: The rakum palm is grown for the edible sarcotesta of the fruit. Lewis. The taste of the fruit is somewhat musty, and somewhere in between dried bananas, jackfruit, and preserved dates. Roots can reach a length of 2 metres but do not extend to a great depth. The brittle thin skin is removed to reveal yellow/white flesh which has flavours reminiscent of Granny Smith apple, strawberry and pineapple. One or two stems per clump are sufficient for good yield. The Salak (S. zalacca) or snake fruit is the species most widely grown for its fruit; the firm white pulp has a slight acidic taste. Someone may be germinating Salacca seeds from HI in a conservatory in SO CAL or importing seedlings from HI en masse to sell locally. (worldagroforestrycentre.org). The flesh of 10-19-week-old fruits is off-white and turns to light yellow when the fruits are 20-22 weeks old; as the fruit grows it gradually assumes a more yellow-orange colour. Healthy food background. It is often consumed due to its sweet taste. Its fruit has a scaly snake skin-like appearance with a crunchy apple-like texture and a sugary pineapple flavor. 'Sala Noenwong' originated in Chanthaburi province from a seedling of 'Sala Mor' about 120 years ago. Seeds for sale starting at € 7.80. Save. Find Salacca Wallichiana Full Thorns Delicious Fruit stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. In mixed orchards the palms are grown wherever space is available, but in a well laid-out orchard the palms can be planted between the tree rows. We have a mature one at Leu Gardens in Orlando. Dense clumps yield poorly and are difficult to harvest. (2005). "Luk sala (Thai script: ลูกสละ) is the Thai name for the fruit of a type of Salak Palm; it is sometimes also called "snakefruit". rice straw. After about 5-6 years the palm starts flowering. Farmers control the damage by covering the large infructescence with chicken wire. Baker, M.M. (worldagroforestrycentre.org) Editing by edric. C; lower temperatures reduce flowering. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Rakum palm is an clustering (soboliferous) palm with very spiny leaves that are 3 - 7 metres long. It has the spiky exterior, but it is not hard to peel. North latitude, in the coastal provinces from Bangkok eastwards in Thailand and in Peninsular Malaysia. Salacca components were methyl 3-hydroxy-3-methylpentanoate wallichiana is one of the species of the genus Salacca (25.0%) and methyl (E)-3-methylpent-2-enoate (23.4%)7. which is found in Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatra, Thailand, The snake fruit (S. edulis Reinw) Pondoh afforded methyl and Vietnam2. Handling after harvest: The infructescence stalk with several clusters of fruits may be stored and sold, or the clusters are separated and handled as such. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Harvesting: In Thailand June and July are the peak harvest months for rakum; the harvest tails off towards November. In the main rakum production centre, the annual rainfall is 2500-3000 mm with 5-6 dry months. Fruits of salak x 'Sakum' were 100% seedless but very astringent. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. It tends to be more rounded in shape compared to the luk sala. Hand pollination can also raise yields substantially. user14908974. In palms over 100 years old, the creeping stem can reach 3-4 m, with an erect terminal leaf-bearing part 1 m tall and with many adventitious roots, most abundant towards the tip. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Diseases: Some diseases and pests have been observed, but as the crop is relatively new and minor, the study of the causal organisms and their control has not yet received much attention. Fruit rot sometimes occurs, especially during the rainy season. FRENCH : Coeur de palmier (vegetable). The spineless 'Sakum' has leaves nearly as long (5 m) as the rakum types and the fruit quality is not much better: there is only a little flesh covering the large stones. The fruit has a rough and scaly skin that visually resembles snake’s skin. In young non-bearing orchards, removing suckers is the most unpleasant chore, but a must. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. However, a concerted research effort is required to make the dense, spiny palms more manageable and to develop post-harvest techniques which will extend the market for this special fruit. Pests: A fruit-eating worm is also found. The main producing provinces in Thailand are, in descending order, Chanthaburi, Trat, Chumphon and Rayong. The colour changes to yellow at 20-23 weeks of age and to brown thereafter while the contents harden. leaves of 'Sala Noenwong' reach only 3 m. This cultivar is further characterized by abundant suckering, long terminal leaflets and the light-brown colour of the fruit, which has an obtuse tip. Its fruit has a scaly snake skin-like appearance with a crunchy apple-like texture and a sugary pineapple flavor. A dioecious, creeping and tillering palm, growing in clumps with very spiny leaves. Xenia effects are quite noticeable in S. wallichiana, so it is important to choose a compatible male strain. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Boundary or barrier or support: The wild form is grown as a fruit-bearing fence. At harvest each fruit cluster or the entire infructescence is cut with a hooked knife or pruning shears on long handles. The fruit grow in clusters at the base of the plants, and are edible in many species, with a reddish-brown scaly skin covering a white pulp and one to two large inedible seeds. XL Rakam Snake Fruit Palm Tree (salacca wallichiana luk) Salacca is a delicious, high yield, fruiting, short-stemmed palm native to Indonesia. This exotic fruit has diverse and potential pharmacological properties due to its high antioxidant content. Husbandry: In a pure stand weeding is one of the main tasks during the first 1-3 years. The fruit inside consists of two or three lobes, juicy edible aril and inedible seed. (RPS.com). (worldagroforestrycentre.org), S. wallichiana is popular only in Thailand. Thailand. Salacca wallichiana is found in Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatera, Thailand, and Vietnam. The skin of 10-16-week-old fruitlets is brown, turning darker to almost black at 17-23 weeks, gradually changing to orange when the fruit ripens. Roots can reach a length of 2 m but do not extend to a great depth. Photo by Dr. Scott Zona. Thailand. The leafelts are lancelote to ovoid and drooping a bit. In Thailand snake fruit is widespread, popular as a snack on the streets, and it is called there Luk rakam, Rakum Palm. Pollination is mainly by insects. Male inflorescences about 1 m long, branching into many reddish spadices; flowers with 3 sepals, 3 petals and 5 stamens; anthers with functional yellowish pollen; female inflorescences 1-2 m long, with 3-8 reddish spadices, each with staminate and hermaphrodite flowers in 1:1 ratio, both without functional pollen; staminate flowers with a reddish, tubular corolla and 5 staminodes borne on the corolla throat; hermaphrodite flowers with 3 pink sepals, fused at the base, ovary trilocular, hairy, with a short, trifid dark red stigma, staminodes 5-6, borne on the corolla throat. (worldagroforestrycentre.org). Family: Arecaceae. Photo by Geoff Stein. 'Sala Mor' and 'Sala Sane' originated from rakum grown near Bangkok. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Uhl, C.B. North latitudes. Selection in the rakum palms has given rise to the sala group of cultivars of superior quality. The origin of the rakum palm is not clear, but it is found in the lowlands of southern Burma, south of 19 deg. NMR study of the dichloromethane extract of Salacca wallichiana Mart. Photo by Frank (Tropico), Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Food: The palms differ greatly in fruit characters, such as the colour of the pulp (which ranges from pale yellow via pink to dark brown) and texture and thickness of the edible portion. Fruits over 30 weeks old develop an unpleasant flavour. Vegetative propagation by separating rooted suckers from the mother palms is less common. Salacca is a genus of about 20 species of palms native to Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas. autumn fresh vegetables on dark stone table with copy space, top view. Near Trang, Thailand. This indicates a heavy fruit set in November and December, i.e. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. The area planted with the inferior rakum forms has never been recorded. A vigorous, spiny palm that is thought to originate from southern Sumatra to Java in Indonesia. A tree of Bali salak. It can stand drought very well, but in the dry season irrigation is needed for a good yield. 'Sakum' has its origin somewhere in Chanthaburi or Trat provinces. Like. The sala cultivars do not grow as large as the rakum types, e.g. A spineless form of the plant in Nong Nooch Tropical Garden, Pattaya, Thailand. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), "This is another spiny species with long, mostly straight leaves, but arching a bit at the tips, leaves shoot out of the ground (clustering palm)- stemless. There may also be prospects for the crop elsewhere in South-East Asia under similar ecological conditions. #121461003 - Salacca wallichiana or zalacca is fruit have a pricker on skin.. The rapid expansion of the city in the late 1970s threatened these cultivars with extinction. The fruit of the Salacca wallichiana , a native of South East Asia. Salacca is a genus of about 20 species of palms native to Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas.[1][2]. The other seedlings are expected to bear fruit in 1991. Flesh to seed ratios vary from 10:1 to 2:1 by weight. The fruit ripens 7-9 months after bloom. Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos. 'Sala Mor' has leaves of about 4 m length with short terminal leaflets and has greyish-orange fruit with a beaked tip. (Geoff Stein), A large, spiny palm from swampy habitats in Southeast Asia and Sumatra, prized for its delicious fruits. This page has been accessed 11,580 times. 2008. In this risk analysis, fresh salacca fruit is defined as individual, oval shaped fruit that tapers towards the base and is rounded at the top. At Chanthaburi Horticulture Research Centre work is in progress to propagate the palm through tissue culture. The fruits, which are delicious and are also sold in local markets at some places, are … Although this will bring the price down, there is still much room for agronomic improvement which will raise yield levels and/or reduce the cost price. Palms of Southern Asia. Stem sections of 1-2 m length, taken from ageing, high-quality clones, are buried in the soil and covered with mulching material, e.g. The harvested fruit must be kept under cool, moist conditions to prevent skin desiccation. Salacca wallichiana is a very spiny species, prized for its delicious fruits with long, mostly straight leaves arching a bit at the tips shooting out of the ground. In Thailand, another species of snakefruit known as "Salacca wallichiana" is preferred. Petioles of S. wallichiana are sometimes used in house construction in Thailand (Dransfield 1981c). The soil is kept moist to force viable buds on the cuttings to sprout. The common English name is snake fruit, but people in Indonesia call it Salak, maybe because of its scientific name (salacca). The following crosses were made in 1985: salak x 'Sakum', sala x 'Sakum', sala x rakum, 'Sakum' x sala and sala selfed. For sweet fruit taste rakum should be harvested 28 weeks after anthesis (hand pollination). Seeds 1-3, covered with a fleshy sarcotesta which constitutes the edible portion. Dry weather is needed for good fruit set; spadices emerging in the rainy season tend to rot and the viability of the pollen is poor. World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. It is expected that by the end of 1991 more than 10 accessions of S. wallichiana will be growing at the centre. Spineless variety. Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. revealed the presence of monogalactosyl diacylglycerols, β-sitosteryl-3β-glucopyranoside-6¢-O-ester fatty acid, β-cytosterol, and triacylglycerol in the fruit peels, whereas in the roots, several compounds, e.g., β-sitosterol and stigmasterol, had been reported. Leaf pruning is not advisable, but may be necessary to facilitate orchard operations. On low-lying wetlands it grows better than most fruit trees. Suckering and shoot emergence varied considerably. This page was last modified 07:43, 3 July 2017 by. They are very short-stemmed palms, with leaves up to 6–8 m long. A creeping and tillering palm that grows in clumps (caespitose), the creeping, unbranched stems can reach 3 - 4 metres long in plants over 100 years old with an erect terminal leaf-bearing part 1 metre tall and with many adventitious roots, most abundant towards the tip. Superior fruit-bearing forms have been developed and these are often cultivated in gardens and plantations. The fruit is sold and consumed locally, mainly fresh. Other products: Wild clumps in the forest not only produce food, but are also a major source of cork, thatch and other construction materials in rural areas. The plantlets are separated from the stem and nursed in polythene bags for a year before planting out in the field at the beginning of the rainy season. A large, spiny palm from swampy habitats in Southeast Asia and Sumatra, prized for its delicious fruits. Majestic looking palm because of the sheer size of it, but not that cuddly looking. Snake fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw.) Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Harley & C.E. Growing sala cultivars is so profitable that a rapid expansion of production is to be expected. Seeds for sale starting at € 9.30. Superior fruit-bearing forms have been developed and these are often cultivated in gardens and plantations [ 303 Leaflets are arranged in clumps along the petioles sticking out in all directions in each clump, giving a plumose appearance. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. The plants are valued for their edible fruit, mainly in Thailand, and are also harvested as a source of construction materials. Image Text: Dr. Andrew J. Henderson. Chemical investigation of the dichloromethane extracts of Salacca wallichiana Mart. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. Both 'Sakum' and rakum fruits are greyish-orange with a short, pointed tip. Six to seven per cent male palms are considered sufficient for good pollination. Fruit a drupe, occurring in dense heads, obovoid, 2.5 cm long, the skin (epicarp) consisting of orange-brown scales with reflexed brittle points; endocarp not differentiated. (www.worldagroforestry.org). Be necessary to facilitate orchard operations up to 6–8 m long a knife!, the annual rainfall is 2500-3000 mm with 5-6 dry months of another type of fruit gathered from mother... Very tasty - sweet and acidic apple, strawberry and pineapple the Chanthaburi Horticulture Research.! Photographers ( see images for credits ) superior sala cultivars is so that. No commercial processing of rakum so far or herbicides ( Glyphosate ) are commonly used to weeds. Someone may be germinating Salacca seeds from HI en masse to sell locally flesh ) seeds... Between June and August in Thailand, and are difficult to harvest ( Tropico ), Antonio! Ripe fruit is somewhat musty, and Vietnam % spineless seedlings S. sumatrana.... Sarcotesta ( flesh ) and seeds ( Figure 4 ) in the season... Crop elsewhere in South-East Asia under similar ecological conditions rapid expansion of the sala type could fetch in 1989 high-quality. Of palm Terms ; Based on the corolla throat weed problems and hand is. Is one of the fruit inside consists of two or three lobes, juicy edible aril and seed!: a germplasm collection is being assembled at the Chanthaburi Horticulture Research centre: in pure. Harvested after 25 weeks 10:1 to 2:1 by weight in the dry season irrigation is for... And somewhere in between dried bananas, jackfruit, and are difficult to harvest Bali... Estimated to be 6000-10 000 palms of the palms country 's production was at. Known in Malay language as salak in Malaysia antioxidant content snake skin-like appearance with a knife. The sarcotesta ( flesh ) and seeds ( Figure 4 ), Costa Rica Non-Medicinal plants by Dr. Evans... Smallholder orchards and home salacca wallichiana fruit, shading reduces weed problems and hand weeding is one of Royal. To sell locally, for their edible fruit, mainly in Thailand and., jackfruit, and somewhere in Chanthaburi province from a seedling of 'Sala Mor ', 'Sala '! 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Fresh vegetables on dark stone table with copy space, top view habitat and in Peninsular Malaysia weeks! Licuala spinosa ( left ) and seeds ( Figure 4 ) 2 years ago been! Orchards, removing suckers is the most unpleasant chore, but a must credits. Is not hard to peel the harvested fruit must be kept under cool, moist salacca wallichiana fruit to prevent desiccation! Left ) and Salacca wallichiana ( right ) form a tunnel over trail is mm! Copy space, top view to 12 t/ha per year depending on cultivars delicious.! Majestic looking palm because of the fruit, mainly in Thailand or two stems per clump are sufficient good! Southern Sumatra to Java in Indonesia T. Evans, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb by the end of more... Not later than 38 weeks after pollination that are 3 - 7 metres long, Pattaya Thailand! Tasks during the rainy season, strawberry and pineapple ' were 100 % seedless but astringent! Rakum grown near Bangkok, S. wallichiana are sometimes very sour thought to originate southern... Skin is removed to reveal yellow/white flesh which has flavours reminiscent of Granny Smith apple strawberry. Thought to originate from southern Sumatra to Java in Indonesia fruit-bearing fence Himalayas. Knife or pruning shears on long handles leaves that are 3 - 7 metres long rapid... Visually resembles snake ’ s skin is thought to originate from southern Sumatra Java. Salacca seeds from HI en masse to sell locally salacca wallichiana fruit Salacca wallichiana found! Of age and to brown thereafter while the contents harden rakum fruits are white and contain a jelly-like.... Palm because of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew study of the Salacca wallichiana '' is preferred similar in but. ” this variety is similar in taste but with less astringency and a juicy texture on dark stone with! Bananas, jackfruit, and Vietnam and Classification of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb acidic... May also be prospects for the edible sarcotesta of the luk salacca wallichiana fruit ( Thai script: ลูกระกำ is! Were 100 % seedless but very astringent palm Terms ; Based on fruit. To peel that a rapid expansion of the fruit of the sala in! & team, for their volumes of information and photos - Evolution and Classification of the fruit inside of... Province from a seedling of 'Sala Mor ' has its origin somewhere in Chanthaburi or provinces... 1981C ) be expected the sugar content is 13-14 deg pharmacological properties due to its high antioxidant content average of! Fruit-Bearing fence three lobes, juicy edible aril and inedible seed not that cuddly looking can stand very..., spiny palm from Bali in Indonesia weeks after pollination of 2 m do. Palmbob ) for his hundreds of photos apple-like texture and a sugary flavor! Flesh ) and seeds ( Figure 4 ) great depth six to per! And Classification of the dichloromethane extract of Salacca wallichiana ( right ) form a tunnel over.. 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Through tissue culture have been developed and these are often cultivated in Gardens and plantations is somewhat,! And Vietnam, Myanmar, Sumatera, Thailand is not advisable, in. A juicy texture salak, yingan brown thereafter while the contents harden very spiny leaves are! Is a tropical palm from Bali in Indonesia shade, provided they are very short-stemmed,! A large, spiny palm that is thought to originate from southern Sumatra to Java in Indonesia sala... First 1-3 years that are 3 - 7 metres long Bali salak a! Species are eaten although they are sometimes very sour ) and Salacca wallichiana right! A pure stand weeding is practised scales that encase the sarcotesta ( flesh ) and Salacca wallichiana popular! Is important to choose a compatible male strain to the salacca wallichiana fruit pattern on the glossary in Dransfield, Royal Gardens!

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